The Proficiency Approach
Proficiency is an approach used in teaching a foreign language that aims to assist learners in developing their ability to perform in the learned language in all four skills:
The Proficiency Approach:
Proficiency is an approach used in teaching a foreign language that aims to assist learners
in developing their ability to perform in the learned language in four skills: Reading,
Writing, Listening, and Speaking.
It allows a flexible curriculum: The goal of the Proficiency Approach is to promote the
learners’ functional abilities to a fixed set of criteria. Therefore, it allows each teacher and
institution to select the most suitable material or teaching method that will maximize his or
her learners’ language acquisition process.
It helps articulate learning goals: By describing the nature of each level of performance
in each language skill, the guidelines provide us with the tools to create a path for our
learners to move from one stage to the next. The criteria used in the guidelines help
language educators create and articulate specific performance goals for their learners of all
It supports language acquisition: The Proficiency Approach is the most efficient
framework that allows the acquisition of a learned language in an academic setting in
which the contact hours are relatively limited. By adopting the notion of performance as
the core principle, the Proficiency Approach focuses on the learners’ abilities in the target
language by concentrating simply on what the learners know about the language. This
approach helps learners internalize the language.